Giza—Pyramids

“From the heights of these pyramids, forty centuries look down on us.”

—- Napoleon Bonaparte

1204px-Giza_pyramid_complex_(map)
The ichnography of Giza Pyramids

The biggest, as well as the most famous pyramid among all the Giza Pyramids group, is the Pyramid of Khufu, which is also the so-called “Great Pyramid of Giza”.

How Tall?

Initially 146.5 meters (481 feet), now 137 meters
So what does that mean? Here’s a comparison.

pyramids_height_compare

Before Eiffel Tower was completed in 1889, Khufu Pyramid had been the tallest architecture around the world for thousands of years. 

What for?

Though most people view the Great Pyramid as the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu, the real function of the pyramid is still debatable. Though there is a sarcophagus in “King’s Chamber”, there is no evidence of either the coffin or the mummy. Due to the absence of mummies and any other objects that can suggest the identity of the owner of the chamber, “King’s Chamber” and “Queen’s Chamber” are just named to indicate different spaces in the pyramid. Some scholars suggest that there might be hidden space in the pyramid that has not been discovered yet.

Great_Pyramid_Diagram
The inside structure of the Khufu Pyramid.

This is the structure of the Khufu Pyramid, and it is clear that there is the possibility that some rooms have not been discovered yet.

Why Important?

Although there are many pyramids in the territory of Ancient Egypt, including the Step Pyramid, Khufu Pyramid is undoubtedly the best reflection of this splendent ancient civilization. First of all is the size of the stone bricks ancient Egyptians utilized to build the pyramid.

great-pyramid-of-cheops_giza-4
The comparison between a male adult and the stone bricks of the pyramid.

You can clearly see how big these rocks are, and Khufu Pyramid is composed of approximately 2300,000 rocks like this.

gizasky

Besides, the intakes of the Khufu Pyramid each points at a star in the sky. Because of the motion of earth itself, the sky 3,500 years ago is different from today. However, if you draw these lines on the sky of Giza in 2500 BC, the indication is quite accurate.

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